National Symbols – State Symbol

National Symbols – State Symbol

India is a nation with a democratic government. It has a constitutional structure that lists several languages as Languages considered official. It contains Union Language, Regional Languages, the Language of the State, Judicial Language, Link language, and legal texts and special commands.


National or state symbols mean some visual or iconic representation of the place, leading to a sense of gratification and unification among the people living there. A national or state symbol stands for its ethnicity, culture, occupation, and strength. 

National symbols mainly attempt to create solidarity to represent the place’s history, its people, and pride. These symbols often stand for nationalism as a sign of respect and patriotism. 

These different signs can be anything, a bird, flower, animal, tree, flower, fish, and fruits. The emblems can be anything and must have a relation leading back to the place’s history or importance. There are 17 nation symbols, each unique and different from the other, each having a story and background. 

National symbols 

As mentioned above, India has 17 national symbols, and they are as follows –

National flag – Tiranga, the flag was accepted as India’s flag on 22nd July 1947.

National anthem – Jana Gana Mana, originally was written in Bengali by the famous Nobel laureate Rabindranath Thakur, later translated in Hindi and got adopted by the assembly on 24th January 1950. 

National calendar – Saka calendar was founded by King Chashtana, later adopted by the calendar committee in 1957 for India.

National song – Vande Matram was composed by Bankimchandra Chatterjee in Sanskrit. Later, Dr Rajendra Prasad, as India’s first President, declared it as the national song.

National emblem – National emblem of India resembles the lion capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, symbolizing power and confidence.

National fruit – mango, for its fragrance, seasonal richness, and sweetness.

National river – Ganga, the longest river in India, known for its sacredness and usefulness

National animal – Royal Bengal Tiger, before the tiger, the lion used to be the national animal of India.

National tree – The banyan tree, also known as the tree of wish fulfilment, known for its medicinal and healing properties

National aquatic animal – the dolphin, found in Ganga, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra River

National bird – the Indian Peacock, which represents the vivid colourfulness and diversity

National currency – the Indian rupee, overseen by the Reserve Bank of India, the symbol for the rupee is derived from the Devanagari script, which spells as “र” (ra)

National reptile – King Cobra, the most venomous snake, found in Indian forests

National heritage animal – the Indian Elephant is considered to be India’s national heritage animal.

National flower – Lotus, this aquatic flower stands for India’s spirituality, fertility, and purity.

National vegetable – pumpkin is India’s national vegetable.

Oath of allegiance – the national pledge, is taken as an oath to serve the country and be faithful to it

State Symbols 

Andhra Pradesh

            State Animal: Blackbuck

            State Bird: Indian Roller

            State Flower: Water Lily

            State Tree: Neem

            Sport: Kabaddi 

           State: Kuchipudi 

Arunachal Pradesh

             State Animal: Mithun

             State Flower: Foxtail Orchid

             State Tree: Hollong

             State Bird: Great Hornbill


             State Animal: Indian Rhinoceros (one horned)

             State Bird: White-winged Wood Duck

             State Flower: Foxtail Orchid

            State Tree: Hollong


             State Animal: Gaur

             State Bird: House Sparrow

             State Flower: marigold 

             State Tree: Peepal


              State Animal: Wild Buffalo

              State Bird: Hill Myna

              State Flower: Kachnar

              State Tree: Sal


              State Animal: Nilgai

              State Bird: House Sparrow


              State Animal: Gaur

              State Bird: Black-crested Bulbul

              State Tree: Matti


              State Animal: Asiatic Lion

             State Bird: Greater Flamingo

              State Flower: Marigold

              State fruit: Mango


             State Animal: Blackbuck

             State Bird: Black Francolin

             State Flower: Lotus

             State Tree: Peepal

Himachal Pradesh

             State Animal: Snow Leopard

             State Bird: Western Tragopan

             State Tree: Deodar

            State Flower: Pink Rhododendron

 Jammu and Kashmir

             State Animal: Hangul (Kashmir stag)

             State Bird: Black-necked Crane

             State Flower: Lotus


            State Animal: Indian Elephant

             State Flower: Palash

             State Bird: Koel

             State Tree: Sal


              State Animal: Indian Elephant

              State Tree: Sandalwood

              State Flower: Lotus

              State Bird: Indian Roller


             State Animal: Indian Elephant

             State Tree: Coconut

             State Flower: Kanikonna

             State Bird: Great Hornbill

Madhya Pradesh

           State Tree: Banyan

            State Flower: Palash

            State Bird: Asian Paradise Flycatcher


             State Animal: Indian Giant Squirrel

             State Tree: Mango

             State Flower: Jarul

              State Bird: Yellow-footed Green Pigeon


Thus, the state symbols show what we can find in these states, where does their uniqueness lie, and what is their speciality. These symbols and icons represent the various states’ culture, vibrant nature, soul, and beauty. Very similarly, the nation symbols uphold its significance as a nation. 

Every nation has its own sets of national symbols and significance, reserving each of their rareness and putting it separately beautiful, important, and different from each other. The state symbols are just a way to hold and stand for their individuality among the rest of the states of the very same country.