Transport System in Plant

Transport System in Plant

Plants transport nutrients, water and minerals through tissues by keeping the uninterrupted supply of water and other mineral components in the plants' bodies.

Plants have different tissues that carry water, nutrients and minerals from one part to another. These processes help the plants keep the balance of water and nutrients equal so that the photosynthesis process happens smoothly. In order to maintain the balance of necessary elements in the plants’ bodies, they need a transportation system. To ensure “sufficient absorbing surface area”, plants need a transportation system. The nature of the “transportation system in plants” is very slow as only two main issues help in the transportation system. 

Animals and plants both use transportation systems, but the main difference between “plants transportation system” and the “animals transportation system” is that animals “use their blood to transport carbon dioxide and oxygen”. On the other hand, plants carry minerals and water to their body for transportation. 

Definition of Transport system in Plants

It is a vital system in plants because all the nutrients, minerals, and water needed for survival are carried through the tissues from one part to another. This process is very slow because plants have only two tissues in their body to complete the entire process smoothly. A plant must complete this process multiple times in a day to keep the balance of water and nutrients equal to all the parts of it. 

Transportation of food also happens in plants, and the entire process is known as “translocation”. This process is also completed with the help of one tissue that transports food from one part to another in plants. 

Importance of Transport system in plants

Transportation plays a vital role in plants because it helps the growth and nourishment by keeping the balance of nutrients, minerals and water equal in all parts of plants. As animals require blood and oxygen to live, similarly, plants also need water, minerals and nutrients for their body to prepare food and to survive. So, transportation is important because it helps survive the plants with the help of water, nutrients and minerals. Different parts of plants require different nutrients, which the transportation system carries in plants’ bodies. A plant must complete this process successfully; otherwise, it might lose its immunity power. 

Types of plants’ transport systems 

Mainly, two types of tissues help in the “transportation system in plants” by carrying water and other nutrients from one part to another. Below are the mentioned issues. 

  • Xylem and 
  • Phloem

These are the two tissues that maintain the flow of water and minerals in the plants’ bodies by securing the lives of plants. Suppose a plant cannot complete this process, then the supply of food and water will not be appropriate to all the plant parts. In this case, the plant will not complete the photosynthesis process successfully. As a result, the plant will not grow properly and will not be nourished. 

Working methods of transport systems in plants

Xylem and Phloem are responsible tissues that transport water and food in different plants. Xylem is the vascular tissue that conveys dissolved minerals and water from the roots to other parts of a plant by providing physical support to the plant. Xylem tissue is made of “multiple water-conducting cells” known as treachery elements. These cells help to absorb water and other dissolved minerals and then conveys them to plants’ bodies. 

Phloem is a kind of vascular tissue that conducts foods prepared during photosynthesis in the plants’ leaves and then carries the food in different parts of a plant, so the plant gets nourished by getting the nutrition power of the foods. This tissue is composed of “various specialised cells” like “phloem fibres, phloem parenchyma cells” called sieve elements. 


The importance of the “transport system in plants” cannot be defined in one word because this is the process by which plants get their required nutrition and growth by which they can survive in nature. As plants cannot express their pain through words that does not mean that they do not need anything to survive on the earth. They complete their requirements in their way, and every function of plants is equally important as all of them are interrelated. In order to keep plants nourished and healthy, this process needs to be completed successfully among plants. Otherwise, plants will not be able to survive in the nature without the help of transport system.