Unification of Germany

Unification of Germany

The unification of Germany is a very crucial topic of discussion, which has been criticized widely. The main reason behind the unification is the major keyword here.

The Germans for their overall development in the financial condition have stimulated the gush of German nationalism as well as it helps to improve the transportation service throughout the region. The unification of Germany happened because of the Prussian army. There are also other crucial reasons for the unification of Germany. The two deadly wars that are the Franco- Prussian war and the Austro- Prussian war are one of the big reasons behind the unification of Germany. Many earlier attempts have failed due to nationalists and liberals. The lesson that had been learned by the German nationalists was that unification needed to be achieved through leadership and any other forces. 

Reason for unification in Germany

Many important reasons caused the unification of Germany. The four major reasons behind the unification of Germany are the role of Bismark, the strength of the Prussian economy, the decline of Austria, and the military power of Prussia. The economic strength of Prussia was one of the most important reasons behind the unification of Germany. The economic condition of Prussia has been rising and improving at that time which leads them to develop their trades and transport business as well. They also managed to get the best and a better-modernized army. Many smaller states in Germany were looking at the Prussian trades and wanted to get a business relation with them. Prussia at that time was producing more important resources such as iron and coal that lead themselves to be in a good position in terms of the economy than other countries such as Austria and Germany. 

The Prussians also developed more new roads and railway networks for their trade that helped them to make a good relationship with other countries. Prussia was producing more raw materials such as coal, iron that also helped to boost their industrial development, and resulted in a strong economic position. It further strengthened their military as well and they managed to build up a higher position in front of Austria and Germany. 

Effects of the unification

Germany never had any homogeneity that can be regarded as the Germans thought they were not the exact Germans. The war of unification in Germany resulted in the seizure of a huge population of non-German speakers. Mostly the Catholics that are polishing speaking did not assimilate themselves to the German culture. Bismarck at that time opposed the issues of the religious minorities of Germany. The unification of Germany changed the political, social, and economic landscape and had impacts that are more lasting. The welcoming of German nations that were unified into European politics was appreciated with mixed feelings of fear. It was anticipated that the balance of power among continental Europe could defeat the powerful enemies whose military prowess was unmatched by any earning army in the European continent. However, the unification of Germany altered fundamentally the balance of powers delicately. It has resulted in the adaptation of the concept of nationalism as well. 

Background of the unification in Germany 

Before the unification, Germany was a collaboration of small kingdoms, which existed through following the treaty. Those kingdoms would be formed based on the Roman Empire. Most importantly, there was no homogeneous identity of German until the 19th century. These crucial factors started enlarging the path for the unification of Germany. The system through having the small states in the kingdom was regarded as the practiced small states. The industrial revolution further assisted in the improvement of transportation and for communication. The whole scenario changed when France had defeated the Roman Empire during the Napoleonic war. The German confederation had been re-established in 1815 a humongous wave of German nationalism wiped through the place at the beginning of the 19th century.  In other parts, Bismarck had provoked Napoleon the third through some diplomatic steps and some subtle provocations. The French have shown some seemingly aggressive steps to restrain other European powers in terms of supporting Napoleon the third. These factors had resulted in the German states, a huge wave of anti French sentiments. At the time when Bismarck strode the army of Prussia towards the border of France, they had been collaborated by the armies of other states of Germany. This step was more than enough for Napoleon the third to establish himself as a great and devastating emperor in front of France. That war would run until the fall of Paris to the Prussian army. 


The whole study is putting light on the chapter on the unification of Germany. There are various socio-economic reasons and political reasons as well which leads to the unification of Germany. The crucial reasons behind the unification explain very clearly the way it had happened. This information will help future scholars to move them forward in this study. Through this easy and brief description, the readers can gain more knowledge about the mid 18th and early 19th century wars and that will help them in the study of modern world history. The individual or the factor that was mainly responsible for the unification in Germany has been discussed here to provide knowledge that is more detailed.