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Two Premise Arguments

Two Premise Arguments

Two premise arguments generally contain two statements and various conclusions from which the most satisfying one needs to be found out.

In order to grow in professional life, everyone needs to be able to reason using logic. It is important for everyone to have this sense of logical reasoning as it denotes success in life. Logical reasoning defines leadership abilities in every employee of an entry-level corporate or a mature corporate. Therefore, a good understanding of the types of reasoning and its right application can help an employee to grow immensely in an organization. Furthermore, with the use of it an employee can contribute significantly at work and earn the respect of their superiors. There are mainly seven types of reasoning and every type has its unique characteristics.

What are syllogisms?

Syllogisms are the most commonly used topic in a competitive exam. There is at least one question on syllogisms in every competitive exam. The main advantage of this topic is that no particular skill is not required to learn this. Furthermore, the scoring opportunities in an exam using syllogisms are more than any other.

Generally, the term syllogism means a form of reasoning where a certain conclusion needs to be drawn from two given statements. Questions on this topic appear to be easy or moderate in the exam. There are some terminologies related to syllogism that a student needs to know before answering the questions.

In a syllogism, the term subject is used to assert or deny any fact. Prediction is another term that is used to state something about the subject. The proposition is the last important term used in the syllogism. The premise is another synonym of a proposition. A proposition is nothing but a sentence that comprises a subject and a predicate. There are also different types of propositions that prove to be useful in different areas.

An overview of two premise arguments

A science that is able to evaluate arguments is known as logic. Subsequently, an argument means a group of statements that can have more than one premise but will have only one conclusion. A statement can be either true or false. However, every sentence is not a statement, like “close the door, please.”

On the other hand, a statement that provides support or reason for the conclusion is called a premise in an argument. There can be a possibility of having more than one premise in a single argument. Finally, a conclusion denotes a statement that the arguer wants to convince the reader. There cannot be more than one conclusion in a single argument.

Two premise arguments are also known as syllogisms which means deduction or inference. This is a Greek word. These inferences are generally based on logic, and therefore, they are called logical deduction. Different propositions or premises are the basis of these deductions. Syllogisms are a part of logical reasoning. It is an important verbal reasoning section as several questions based on syllogism are asked in different examinations.

Description of deductive argument with two premises

There are mainly two types of arguments; one is a deductive argument and another one is an inductive argument. It is often asked if the argument is deductively valid or indicatively strong. Basically, a deductive argument means the arguer is trying to prove the argument deductively valid. This generally means the provided conclusion is true which also indicates the truth of the premises in the argument.

In a deductive argument, the premises are able to provide such strong support for the conclusion that it cannot be false at any cost if the premises are true. When the premises succeed in providing a true conclusion in an argument, it is called a deductively valid argument. An argument is also considered sound when true premises are present in a valid argument.

There are only two ways of any argument, either it can be valid or invalid. In other words, an argument can be either sound or unsound, there is not any middle path. A classic deductive argument heads back to antiquity, whereas, in reality, some of the statements have the ability to be 100 percent true.

Deciding the validity in a deductive argument with two premises

A deductive argument can only be invalid if the premises cannot be true in any circumstances and by any chance the conclusion is false. Otherwise, it can be said that the deductive argument is valid and sound. On the other hand, when all the premises are true and both the arguments are valid, it is referred to as a sound deductive argument.

The intention of the writer of a deductive argument is that the conclusion is properly justified by the premises that are true therefore, it is evident that the conclusion will also be true if the premises are true. On the other hand, if the reasoning process is good enough, and it is capable of providing a proper justification for the conclusion, the argument can be said to be valid. The premises and conclusion need to be related to each other rightly so that the argument can be true or sound.

Conclusion

The use of premises is manifold. One can use various premises according to the needs. A premise that is true and relevant to the topic needs to be considered by the arguer in an argument. It has been seen in this discussion that arguments play an important role in all competitive exams. Two premise arguments are the most commonly used argument to prepare questions in any examination.