The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Political Division of India

The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Political Division of India

India is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories. The largest Indian state is Rajasthan and the smaller one is Goa by size. Along with this, all states are also divided by an administered framework called “District”.

The political features of India can be divided into North India , South India, East India, West India, Central India and North-east India. Along with this, the political structures enable the features of existing governance within the country and coordination with the entire states of India circulating by the Central government. Moreover, the political framework is depicted by the rules existing in the country by adopting constitutional guidelines. Moreover, the key perseverance while highlighting the enormous features of Indian political is framework in the construction ways. Apart from this, the physical extent is 3,214 km from the North to the south and 2,933 from East to west. 


The position of India can be divided into the 28 states and 8 Union territories and based on areas it stands 7th in the world, whereas 2nd by population after china. Apart from this, a total of 17.70% of the world population exists in India with various cultural and enormous heritages. The land frontier of the country is 15,200 km while the coastline consists of 7,516.6 km by measuring all dimensions. On the other hand, the integral part of a country can be divided by the subsequent features and depicted with a larger range through the enormous diversification in the country. On the contrary, India can be broadly divided into the Himalayas, the North Indian plains, Peninsula, Coastal, and the Islands regions. Apart from this, the positions of Indian states in Northern region can be demonstrated as Himachal Pradesh, Haryana,Uttarpradesh and Uttarakhand. Apart from this, the southernmost part of the country is Tamilnadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana. Moreover, in the North- eastern part of the states that can be demonstrated as seven sister’s states in formalized ways. The western part of the country consists of Rajasthan, Maharashtra.. On the other hand, the extension of the Indian states has been sophisticated from each other by their political divisions. Apart from this, the position of India on the world is also a considerable part that extends its position gradually. 


The political extension of India can be demonstrated by its enormous diversification and cultural heritages that soothe the entire framework for the country on the larger levels. On the contrary, the coastline of the extension of India is 7,517 km that highly encompasses the mainland, the “Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands” by adopting the significance of changes due to the existing policy of cross-boundary depictions. Apart from this, the extension requires highlighting core concepts related to the political extension within the country and imparting the relevant structure while evaluating the political framework. Moreover, the Indian peninsula is separated from the mainland of Asia in the Himalayas and facilitates the key structure; however, it can be separated by the Bay of Bengal on the East side of the country and the Arabian Sea in the West part of the country. Moreover, the integral part of the political extension is dependent on the boundaries attached with each state with its political divisions. In addition to highlighting the key perspective related to the political division of India, the country has fulfilled the significant role through the enormous diversification within the country. Furthermore, the political extension of India can be depicted by its cultural as well as diversity aligned with the country in customized forms. 

Physical features 

Physical features of India can be depicted by adopting the relevance characteristic applied by the country. Apart from this, the physical features of India can be demonstrated as a political extension by applying the changes to extend its boundaries with other countries. On the other hand, the total length extension from the North to the south is 3,214 km while 2,916 km is from the East to the west by the latitudinal and longitudinal criteria that helps to measure the land extension not only within the country but also in its existing neighboring states. Moreover, India is surrounded by its neighboring countries from the fourth side of dimensions, and on a regular basis, it extends based on land boundaries as well as political division by the relevant sources. The basic features of the physical division have been categorized by the Population Growth rate (1.64% during 2001to 2011), Population Birth rate (2.20% in 2019), Life Expectancy rate (69.66% in 2019), and Sex ratio (1,020/1000 male). The overall extension can be demonstrated as phenomenally required with the extension of political adoption within the country. 


The study concludes as the political change while extending land boundaries and adopting the significant changes during the physical framework. The political changes might be seen through the relevant use of land boundaries as well as formulating the basic features of exciting policy within the country. On the other hand, the basic features of political changes that occurred due to the perseverance of entire phenomena of political strategy within the county. Moreover, the key perspective of the political changes that occurred due to extension of boundaries as well as adopting the key framework within the country.