The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Power Resources of India

The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Power Resources of India

India is the vast peninsular subcontinent, which is situated in the south Asia continent. Due to its 3.287 million square kilometers area, India has huge power resources.

Despite the huge geographical area of the country, there is also a huge population. To maintain the needs of the development of the country, a huge amount of power resource. India is a large source of fossil fuel, which also has many renewable sources of energy. The main important renewable power resources of India are hydroelectric power, solar power, wind energy, biogas and many more. Jawaharlal Nehru stated Dams as the ‘temple of modern India’ which can be a multipurpose project of the country, which is used for controlling floods, generation of hydroelectricity and many more.

What is the power resource of India? 

As for the development of the country, a huge number of generations of power is required. India has many renewable sources of energy and also fossils fuel, which is the source of energy. The government of India is promoting the use of renewable power resources, which is adversely available from nature. The renewable sources of energy are hydroelectric power, thermal power, solar energy power, tidal energy, wind energy and many more. Multi-purpose river valley projects are also another power resource of India. The main purpose of the multi-purpose valley project on the river is used for hydroelectric generation. On the other hand, this river valley project is also used for soil conservation as well as irrigation. 

Importance of power resource in India 

Power resources help in the making of the development in the country 

This helps to make a huge amount of power by the help of both fossils fuel resource as well as a renewable power resource

Hydroelectricity, thermal power, and nuclear power projects are the main power resource in India 

This helps in making a successful operation in making of the powered in a cheap and in an economical way

Uses of the renewable energy source, which helps to make successful conservation of environment 

The main advantages of the uses of renewable energy, which never gets runout for giving the energy sources

A cheaper form of energy is helping to make development in the purpose of irrigation, making of electricity powers supplies, conservation of the soil and many more

The most important role of power resource in India is to make a high economic growth

Types of power resources in India

India is a vast country which consists of a large number of power energy resources. Which have both renewable energy sources and non-renewable power sources. Examples of non-renewable power energy sources are fossil fuel and coal. The major amount of crude oil is imported by India from foreign countries, whereas coal is hugely available in the mainland of India itself. A large amount of coal is used for generating electrical power, which produces a greater number of pollution. 

Due to the increase in the pollution in the atmosphere, the Indian government gives a main concern or use of the renewable power resource. The main source of the renewable power source is hydroelectric power, solar energy power, wind energy power and many more. Atomic power resource energy is the most efficient power resource in India. These are producing a large number of electrical powers for a long period by the use of natural atomic resources.

Different types of power energy resource 

The renewable power resource is the resource that is easily available in nature, which gives more benefits for making the electric power supplies. Wind energy, hydroelectric power, solar energy, tidal energy, use of biogas and many more. This type of energy is eco-friendly and easily available in the atmosphere. The government of India is spending a large number of funds in promoting the use of renewable energy sources. In India, there are two types of windmill projects that are in action: inshore windmills and offshore windmills. Muppandal Wind Farm in Tamil Nadu is the biggest windmill in India, which is the biggest offshore windmills in India. Similarly in Rajasthan, Jaisalmer Wind Park is also the second-largest windmill in India, which is the inshore windmill. Kudankulam nuclear power plant in Tamil Nadu is the biggest, which can produce 2,000 megawatts of power and is now in the underdevelopment stage for additional generation.. 

The multipurpose river valley projects as the “temple of modern India” which was referred to by Jawahar Lal Nehru. This river valley project helps to produce a hydroelectric generation producing power. On the other hand, this also helps to make water supplies for irrigation purposes, which is also helped in the making of the conversation of soil. The multipurpose river projects also helped in making the flood happen. The non-renewable energy resource coal is also used for electric generation. Similarly, fossil fuel is the main energy resource for generating power. 


It has been the importance of the power’s resources in the humankind era. India is a vast country that has the ability of both renewable power resources and non-renewable power resources. The government of India is spending a large amount of money to promote the use of renewable resources. From Make in India initiatives, governments have set up many windmills and solar power stations. This helps to produce many power supplies by protecting the environment.