The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Agriculture in India

The Indian Subcontinent: Position, Extent and Physical Features-Agriculture in India

Worldwide India ranks second in output of farms. worldwide infrastructure of Indian irrigation includes the minor and major canals network of groundwater, rivers, rainwater, tanks, and well-based systems.

Agriculture employed moreover 50% contributed and workforces of the country’s 17-18% GDP. The outstanding features of the agriculture of India following subsistence agriculture, population pressure on agriculture. Allied and agriculture industries likely export that reach up to 60 billion in 2022. The agricultural commodities essentially export for 2020 April to September that rapidly increased 43% as of last year. Agriculture is important for robust demands, attractive opportunities, competitive advantages, and policy support. The rising urban and large populations drive the rural incomes that are exported from the sector of Agriculture.    


SAARC mainly focuses on transplant rentals; the sessions are held annually at the urological society to improve the agriculture of India. The increasing demand of agricultural crop is increasing globally for decades and propelled 2.3 increasing population. The journal of Indian Urology is published from the countries of SAARC, the board of the “Indian Journal Urology (IJU)” endeavor initiated to provide the urologists’ platforms to improve agriculture. The balancing of rural and urban by creating employment and discourage the migration rural to urban to distribute balance and incomes of social amenities use. The research program improved methods that is applied on livestock activities and farming. Agriculture is the market of industrial goods to use the farming process such as equipments and machinery as well as fertilizers. The source of livelihood primarily is Agriculture of which 58% of Indian populations’ added Gross value by forestry, fishing, and Agriculture. The estimated 19.48 lakh crore is approximately 267.37 billion livelihoods primarily Agriculture. Allied and agriculture sectors share “Gross value added (GVA)” of current standing prices of India FY20 17.8%. The poverty eradication aspect is to raise the standards of welfare and focus on agricultural activities. The geographical descriptions make the homogenous regions that are similar with the resources in health-care, and patterns of diseases and management of the diseases. The attributed largely commonly the population, climate, and history similar culture of the population densities. The art of agriculture’s developing livestock, producing crop and cultivating soil.  The constant part of agriculture ensures the supply of food security and food supply for the overall population in India.     

Inputs of Agricultural demands

Fertilizers and hybrid seeds, allied services such as cold storage, the factors of agriculture extension state to support the extension programs for reforming extensions. The central institution’s schemes and programs of agriculture created and focused awareness on the enhanced uses of the technologies. The components aforesaid of SMAE run is to separate the schemes division extension. The recent subsumed under the SMAE umbrella details briefly about the program extension to support the extension activities of the government. The state government supports the driven ways the new technology for dissemination of the new forms of “Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA)” the district level extension reforms the entire operations. The released funds of the state government’s scheme guidelines and accordance are dependent upon sharing the released contribution of the government. The central institution supports the extension functionaries toward the rural youth development for farm women and farmers.   


“Extension education institutes (EEI)” at the state and regional management of agriculture SAMETIs at the levels of state the scheme programs such as 

Capacity Building Programs

Farmers and agriculture ministry welfare establishing the EEI is in Telangana, Haryana, Hyderabad, Assam, and Gujarat. Cater of EEIs needs training for the field extension for the functionary extension under allied department and agricultural. The activities of programs include EEIs organization off-campus as well as on-campus conferences, workshops, and conferences. The communication technologies areas are such as methodology extension, management of training, and “Agriculture knowledge information system (AKIs).”

Kishan call center (KCC) programs

The project aims to answer the telephonic queries of the farmers that are presented by the call center that is working on the 21 locations differently. The common country is wide by using the toll-free number that is allocated under the KCC programs. The agents of KCC are known for “Farm Tele Advisors (FTAs)” that graduate above in the areas of allied or agriculture. The skills of communications excellent possess the local regional languages respectively to solve the queries.    

Skill development Programs

The aim of the component “Skill training of Rural Youth (STRY)” trained the youths of the rural areas. The components of the training focus on the sectors of allied and agriculture specifically under the vocational training to both men and women. Agriculture technical competence serves and facilitates for acting better the professional of Para-extension.


The study concludes allied and agricultural industries’ physical and extent features are considered as the primary livelihood source. India customer spending for returning the growth during led contraction of post-pandemic that expanded much by 6.6%. India’s food industry is poised to grow at huge rates and increase the contributed food trade in the world per year. The additional values are immense, potentially the industries of food processing, particularly within the Indian grocery and food market that is in the sixth-largest position in the world. Agricultural land has a high proportion of diverse conditions of agro-climatic that encourages the different crop cultivations