Statements and Inferences

Statements and Inferences

“Statements and Inferences” is a significant element under the section of verbal reasoning, which is used in order to evaluate a candidate’s logical approach towards life.


There are certain tests that are carried out in order to analyze the judgment capacity of candidates appearing for job exams with regard to the provided statements based on the inferences chosen by them. This analysis is helpful in order to understand the candidate’s approach towards real life challenges. In this regard, some statements apart from the genuineness are provided to the students, and some inferences related to the statements are also provided. On the basis of the nature of the statements, the candidate is supposed to choose the inferences matching with the respective conditions of the given statements. 


“Syllogism” is referred to as a section within the field of “Logical Reasoning” which is an inferential depiction of a “formal argument” including a major, as well as a minor conclusion and premise. There are basically three major kinds of syllogisms identified within the branch of “Logical Reasoning” namely Categorical, Conditional, as well as Disjunctive Syllogism. The Categorical Syllogism depicts a statement calculus including “three categorical theories” which further includes “two premises and one conclusion”. The Conditional Syllogism depicts a statement calculus that includes the premises interconnected with each other at every stage. The Disjunctive Syllogism depicts the “syllogism having disjunctive statement for one of its premises”.


A statement under the segment of logical reasoning is referred to as a declaration of a situation that may or may not be related to the situations of real life. In other words, it is stated that the conditions declared in the statement are not likely to be true all the time. Some analytical or imaginary conditions may also be included in the statement. In the section of logical reasoning, it is seen that there is a set of two to four statements provided to the candidates. There are declared a set of sentences that are analyzed by the candidates in order to determine those to be true or false. All the statements are supposed to be depicted by the candidates with the help of Venn Diagrams. The Venn Diagrams are helpful in analyzing the interconnection among all the provided statements. In other words, it is stated that the Venn Diagrams are used by the candidates in order to examine whether the given set of inferences are found to be true, or false. The Venn Diagrams are depicted in circular forms with regard to the conditions declared in the given statements. 


The Inferences are basically justified as the logical conclusions or deductions made by the candidate in order to analyze the nature of the provided set of statements. Similar to the statements, there are provided a set of inferences related to the conditions declared in the statements. It is stated that either one or two of the given inferences, or all of the provided inferences can be true with regard to the statements. In the same way, none of the provided inferences can be true, which means all the given inferences can be false as well. The answers given by the candidates are used as a tool by the examination authority in order to evaluate the candidates’ capacity of making quick decisions, as well as taking quick actions at the times of real life challenges. In other words, it is stated that the ability of the candidates to handle their job situations with patience, as well as intelligence. Moreover, this process is likely to build a positive character in the candidates in order to judge a variety of situations arising within their job periods. Their judgment quality among various challenges in order to identify the right path of grabbing the opportunities from every situation for the betterment of the organization is analyzed with help of the inferences selected by them.

“Theory of Inference for Statement Calculus”

The “Theory of Inference for Statement Calculus” defines that the inference is made on the basis of the assumptions related to the given statements. In other words, it is stated that assuming the truth or false nature of a statement is the initial step taken before inferring something. The assumptions made by the candidate are helpful in order to draw conclusions with regard to the provided statements. The theory defines that a series of statements constructs an argument. The “last statement” under the syllogism is inferred as the conclusion, and all the former statements are inferred as hypothesis or premises.

Reasoning tricks for solving “Statements and Inferences”

The words such as “all”, “a few”, “some”, and “at least” are the key points to be noted for executing the statement calculus. Moreover, the utilization of the Venn Diagrams is a highly recommended trick in order to simplify the declared statements, as well as have a clear view of the explanations. Avoiding assumptions and focusing only on the data provided in the respective questions is a trick to solve the same.


In the context of the study, it can be concluded that the “statement and inference” test is helpful in understanding the reasoning ability of the candidates. Moreover, the mindsets of the candidates can also be evaluated from the responses made by the candidates in the examination. The inferences selected by the candidates are an indicator of their ability to face, as well as solve the problem statements regarding their jobs with a logical response.