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Selection Based on Given Conditions

Selection Based on Given Conditions

Selection based on given questions is used in several competitive examinations for aptitude and reasoning tests of the students or job applicants. In mathematics and reasoning, puzzles based on particular conditions are asked.

Puzzle – Selection Based on Given Conditions were provided which need to be covered by the participants by answering the multiple-choice questions. In selection Based on Given Conditions – Questions, in particular, are given where the participants need to solve questions based on that condition. 

Overview 

Selection based on a given condition refers to selecting one option from multiple options while keeping the condition in mind. These conditions can include linear sitting arrangements or circular sitting arrangements. In a Selection based on a given condition, some information is given about how objects or people are related to each other. A participant has to arrange those people or objects according to the condition given and answer the question accordingly. This arrangement can be done in many ways and a participant needs to arrange those groups of objects or people by satisfying certain conditions. The questions on selection based on given conditions provide information about people or objects. Thus, the candidate needs to focus on the condition for solving questions based on given conditions. By applying this logical analysis, a participant can make logical arrangements for decoding or answering the questions. In questions based on given conditions, information about people or objects is given with different numbers in a sequence. 

Rules

It is important for a participant to know and understand the rules for solving questions based on a given condition. A clear idea about how to solve this kind of question would be beneficial for participants to solve them quickly in the examination. 

Rules for selection based on given condition  

At first, it is important to read the conditions carefully 

After that, one participant needs to arrange the people o objects according to the given  condition

One participant has to arrange all objects or people by satisfying a given condition. 

Start solving questions with fixed information which would help a participant to solve the question quickly. 

After arranging all objects or people in a particular sequence, a parturient should recheck whether the arrangement is satisfying the given condition. 

Features

Question of selection based on given conditions have some specific features or structure. 

It has a set of information about how the objects or people are indicated with specific symbols or letters. 

The exposition and place of each element and relations between them are described in that information. 

After that, a question based on a given condition would be given.

A set of options would be given followed by this question.

A participant needs to analyse and solve the question based on a given condition and select one from the given options. 

Examples 

Example 1: Group of 5 persons would be chosen from four girls Q, R, S and P and five boys G, H, I, J and K. Some conditions for selection include:

G and S should be together.

P should not be put with R.

Q and J cannot be put together.

I and K should be together.

R cannot be put with H.

Unless it is stated otherwise, these criteria would be applicable for all the questions below: If including P at least three members are girls, the members of the team other than P will be:

Option 

A.  R S G J

B. Q S I K

C. Q S H J

D. Q S G H

Answer: Option D. Q S G H

Example 2: Group of 5 would be selected from four girls Q, P, R and S and five boys G, H, I, J and K. Some conditions for selection include:

G and S should be together.

P should not be put with R.

Q and J cannot be put together.

I and K should be together.

R cannot be put with H.

Unless otherwise stated, these criteria would be applicable for all the questions below: If 2 of the members need  to be boys, the team will consist of :

Options 

  • A. G H S P Q
  • B. G J S Q R
  • C. H J S R Q
  • D. I K S P Q

Answer: Option A. G H S P Q

 Conclusion 

Questions based on particular conditions were asked in several competitive examinations. These questions are asked to test the reasoning ability and aptitude of the participants. SSC, Bank exams, and other competitive examinations include questions based on a particular condition in which the participants should solve questions or arrange those objects and people in a sequence by focusing on the given information. In this study, an overview of Questions based on given conditions, types and features of sitting arrangements and puzzles, and several examples are given for providing an overview about what types of questions based on a particular condition are asked in the competitive examinations.