Present Continuous

Present Continuous

The present continuous tense is part of English grammar and this can define the action that is going on at the moment.

The “present progressive tense” can be called “present continuous tense”. It denotes an action that is going on at the present moment. 

What is the present continuous tense?

The present continuous tense is built with “the subject” as well as adding the auxiliary ‘is’ . ‘am’, ‘are’ to the “(ing)” form of the main verb. The form “(ing)” defines the “present participle” and a present action can be expressed through a participle in order to express time. The continuous tense can be formed through the use of present participle such as “he is wearing a white shirt”. The “ing” form is involved with the main verb. Here, the “run” is a verb; however, adding in the form with the verb “run” can be formed as “running”, which is a present particle form. A different example of the “present continuous tense” can be   “You are singing at home today”.

Types of present continuous tense

The present continuous tense can be built with an assisting verb. The verbs can perform for the self pronouns in “present continuous tense”. The examples of personal pronouns can be I, you, it, they, we, she, and he, and the helping verbs can be “ am”, “are“, “is”.

In order to indicate a work the present continuous tense has been applied such as 

“I am now preparing for an exam”. The verb “i” is a subject, “am” is a verb, and “working” is a helping verb. “Work+ing = working”, is known as a present participle. The example formed a present continuous tense.

Another example is “He is cooking”. Here adding “ing” form with “cook” means “cooking” is helping verbs and present participles. “ HE is cooking” is a present participle tense.  

The shape of present continuous tense is 

“Sub + is/am/are + Verb 1 (V1) + ing + Obj”.

The work that has been structured in order to occur in the upcoming future can be called as present continuous tense such as “I am playing cricket tonight” and I am going to meet him after school”

The forms of “present continuous tense”

The forms of present continuous tense are: “Positive”, “positive interrogative”, “negative”, and “negative interrogative”.

Positive interrogative

An interrogative means “ask a question” and a Positive interrogative means not using “not”.

“Is/am/are +Subject + V1 + ing + Object?” . In this case, the auxiliary verb comes first; then the subject comes and then the main verb with “ing” followed by the object. This consists of a positive interrogative form of “present continuous tense”. The instance of” positive interrogative form can be “Are they walking on the pavement?”


The negative form can consist of adding the word “not”.

“Subject +  is/am/are + not + V1 + ing + Object”. The instance of negative form can be

“He is not playing football”. 

Negative interrogative

The shape negative interrogative is asking about the question by adding the word “not”

 “Is/am/are + not + Subject + V1 + ing + Object?”. The instance of ‘negative interrogative’ can be “Are they not going to school”.

Uses of present continuous tense

Application of now

The present continuous tense is generally applied in order to show the knowledge and that any action is occurring at present. Sometimes this can be applied in order to express that any action is not occurring in the present. The example can be “You are reading the books now”, “Are you watching the movie?”

Longer duration of an action

The Application of present continuous tense indicates an action that is continuing for a longer period of time. For example, “I am preparing for a banking exam to become a bank manager”. Another example can be “I am not teaching in the class right now”

Application of near future

The “present continuous tense” has been applied through the speakers many rare times. In order to suggest that any “will” or “will not” occur in the upcoming time. For example

“I am not going to the club tonight, is she visiting her family next month”?

Revolving with always

The knowledge that can be irritating as well as shocking such as “always’ ‘ indicates and this can be such a simple present however feelings can be negative. For example

“He is always reaching university late”. “He is always talking loudly”.


The present continuous tense is used to denote an activity that is continuing. It may also indicate a scheduled activity in the near future. To understand the intricacies of the tense, one must use the auxiliary verb and the main verb in proper forms.