Act or Reforms are some regulations and laws that are incorporated for the benefit of Indian citizens and secure enough of India's fundamentalism and rights.

Reforms or acts are defined as the acts or bills, redistribution of parliamentary seats or the act of expanding the franchise in a constitution. The concept of reform or act was initially introduced in the United Kingdom but later it was also adopted by the Indian constitution for better formation and functionality of the constitution. Reforms and acts have different sections and parts that cover different areas like the law sector, the land area and various development-oriented functionality of the Indian government.    

Act of Indian History: Define

The idea of this act was first authorised by the Prime Minister, Charles Grey in 1831 within the house of commons and was led by John Rusell. The act was passed by a vote but it could not clear the house of lords. This act of reform was recommended to the Indian government through the report by Viceroy, Chelmsford and secretary of the Indian state named Edwin Montagu.    The Government of Indian Act of 1919, was enacted to increase the participation of Indian citizens in the political structure formation. The Act was covered over for ten long years starting from 1919-to 1929. This Indian government act of 1919 has some basic attributes that were strictly followed, while in the later section of this act, Indian National Congress rejected it but other leaders accepted and considered cooperating with the government of India. 

Reform of Indian History: Define

Reforms are coined as the basic forms of changes in previous rules and laws by the superior powerful peoples of the society from the past. Most of the reformers concentrated on the well-being and development of the Indian natives. Naming some of the prominent and skilful reformers of Indian history are Raja RamMohan Roy, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindra Nath Tagore, Dr B.R.Ambedkar, Jyotiba Phule and so many more. These social reformers fought for the Indian citizens and tried to aid them in having a smooth life. Raja RamMohan Roy was one such reformer who fought against Satidaha Pratha, where the young widow of the dead man was burnt alive. This act of 1829 was stopped and brought under the guidance of law and enacted as a reform. Similarly, Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar fought for the women of India who were denied to live happy lives and the negligence of remarriage. He took charge of this and introduced a reform where he entitled and made a law in 1856, in which widows could also remarry. In order to prove the reality and basics of this reform, he married his own son to that of a widow. 

Different forms of reforms and acts in the history of India

In context to the different forms of acts and reforms in Indian history, it states there are certain policies and laws for Indian history. The different forms of these acts and reforms within Indian history feature the agricultural and land oriented act, where it was done to increase productivity in the agricultural field, strengthen food security and reduce poverty within the households of India. In the act of 1919, it incorporated responsible Indian government and eradication of the benevolent despotism. The reforms in the Indian government and social reformers played a crucial role in the upbring and benefits of Indian history. Every act or reform has to attain various trouble and turbulence in its enforcement and practice of them.


The study highlights the different forms of acts and reforms in the context to Indian history. The study provides a glimpse of the foundation or formation of the Indian Act in 1919. A clear view is also found of the emergence and origin of the act that was transported to India. The importance and significance of the Act and reforms are noticed in context to the study of miscellaneous acts/ forms. A wide view is found of different reforms and reformers of Indian society in history who aided in the better formulation of the societal and governmental rules, laws and regulations to enhance the lives of the people at that time.

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