Maratha State (1674-1720) and Maratha Confederacy (1720 – 1818)

Maratha State (1674-1720) and Maratha Confederacy (1720 – 1818)

The Indian-Maratha state and its development were built after the enthronement ceremony of Shivaji in the year 1674 and the confederacy was developed during the first and second British Maratha war.

The administration of Shivaji is a matter of concern for the medieval Maratha state and its development. For the better management of the Maratha state, Shivaji divided his dynasty into three provinces. The total organized navy and the army of Shivaji control over the provinces and those are called Paga. Shivaji is one of the significant kings in the medieval-Maratha era and for his diplomacy, his governance capability over the Maratha state people still remember Shibaji for his well-being. Asthapradhan Mandal is the minister’s council that helps Shivaji for convenient governance over the state. Shivaji comes from the Bhonsle clan and after his kingdom, Peshwa took the responsibility of Medieval Maratha state, where several confederacies were observed to deal with other kingdoms along with the British to save the Maratha Kingdom (1920-1818). These confederacies are very important for the development of Indian History.

Maratha State (1674-1720)

Most of the Maratha and their diplomacy are evaluated along with the different convenient governance policies of Shivaji. From childhood, Shivaji had the potential to rule upon a total structure and development; the medieval Maratha state is reflected over the perfect regimes of Shivaji. This process started in the year 1674, Shivaji got coronation at Raigarh and this is the start of the development of a better Maratha dynasty. This time he assumed the title of Haindava Dharmodharak. Most of the time, Shivaji has to deal with Mughal and Siddhis to protect the Maratha Empire. In the meantime, Shivaji easily conquered the Karnataka state and this took time 3 years of Shivaji (1677-80). The administrative system to land procurement everything goes perfectly for Shivaji. 

After the Shivaji Era 

After his death (1680) his sons (Sambhaji, Rajaram) tried to take responsibility for the Maratha dynasty but they were not capable of it. The last crackdown of Shivaji was Jinjir fort. Lastly, Tarabai the daughter-in-law of Shivaji tried to protect the Maratha dynasty from Mughal or other communities but in 1707 she was defeated by Shahuji. In 1713, the Peshwa was the designation that tried to develop the Maratha Dynasty in that medieval era. Balaji Biswanath (1713-1720) is the 1st Peshwa who also governed the Maratha dynasty with his convenience and Peshwa is a post that was evolved by Shivaji for better administration.  

Maratha Confederacy (1720 – 1818)

The first Peshwa was Balaji Vishwanath and in terms of his hereditary status, he was the most powerful and important governance of the medieval Maratha era. The system of the confederacy started from the era of his son BajiraoI and this process is associated with the authority establishment of the general tenant of the Maratha Dynasty. The Marath dynasty was mostly expanded in his time and he captured areas like Malwa, Portugal, Gujarat, Nijam. He was very convenient to deal with Mughals at that time to save the Maratha Dynasty. Balaji Bajirao-I, also known as Nanasaheb defeated Bengal nawab Alivardi Khan in his tenure and Mughal king Ahmed shah got an agreement with him and the Marath dynasty flourished at his time (1740-61). However, in the third Panipat war, he was defeated and lost his son. All emperors above-mention those are tried to protect the Maratha dynasty from Mughal and till the last Peshwa Bajirao (1818) the war was against the British. From the Salbai treaty (1782) to the treaty of Basin (1802), every type of confederacy was defeated by the Peshwa. The Peshwa designation ended in 1817 with the Puna treaty. The 3rd British-Marath war in 1818 is the last nail of the Maratha Dynasty’s coffins.

Important Events of the Medieval Maratha Dynasty

Marathas are the only empire those  are very efficiently tried to deal with Mughal to  protect their dynasty from the grasp of them

Shivaji’s military conquest is the most famous incident among the medieval-Maratha state and Shivaji tried his best proficiency for a better progression of Maratha

From military policy to the revenue policy (tax, land) every aspect of the Maratha kingdom is deal with the identification of advancement for that empire

The Doctrine of the Lapse policy proceeds over the Maratha dynasty by the British after the loss of 3rd British-Maratha war  


This assignment is developed with the help of the dynasty management policy of Maratha in the era of medieval India. From the rise of Chatrapati Shivaji to the Peshwa designation they all tried to develop the Maratha dynasty with their best proficiency and protect the Maratha community from the other’s strength. The Maratha confederacy system was first developed with the help of Bajirao-I. In the history of India, the influence of the Maratha in terms of protecting the country is significant and many people learned from the efficient process. Sindhi is the last dynasty of the Maratha. The Shivaji era is the most significant for the development of the Maratha Dynasty and from the first Peshwa to the last one, everyone tried their best in terms of saving the Maratha emperor from the Mughal or British.