India’s Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan

India’s Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan

Pakistan is a developing country in the Asian continent. This article will discuss Pakistan, its Prime Minister, history, and more.

Pakistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is part of South Asia. The population of the country is around 225.18 million, with the Muslim community making up the majority of it. The total area of Pakistan is approximately 770,880 square kilometres. The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, one of the most developed cities of Pakistan. The first Prime Minister of the country was Liaquat Ali Khan, made after the formation of the modern state of Pakistan, constituted on 14 August 1947.

Profile of Pakistan

On August 14, 1947, Pakistan became an independent republic as a result of the Indian Independence Act, 1947. The profile of Pakistan is listed in the table.

History of Pakistan

When Pakistan became independent on August 14, 1947, it was divided into two parts: West Pakistan (current-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (current-day Bangladesh). The constitution of 1956 made Pakistan an Islamic democracy.  The civil war in Pakistan and conflict with the Indian Army in 1971 resulted in the creation of Bangladesh, which was East Pakistan earlier. Military rule has been implemented thrice in the democratic country from 1958 to 1971.

Capital of Pakistan

Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan. It is the most organised and developed city in Pakistan. However, Karachi was the capital of Pakistan before 1960. In 1960, the newly constructed city of Islamabad replaced Karachi and became the new capital of Pakistan.

The city of Islamabad is spread over 906.5 kilometres and divided into eight districts. Faisal Mosque, one of the largest mosques made in Asia, is situated in the capital of Pakistan.

Prime Minister of Pakistan

The Prime Minister of Pakistan is chosen by the associates of the national assembly of Pakistan. The tenure of an elected Prime Minister is 5 years.

The first Prime Minister of Pakistan was Liaquat Ali Khan, who served from August 15, 1947, to October 16, 1951. Including Liaquat Ali Khan, Pakistan has had 23 Prime Ministers. Nawaz Sharif was elected as the Prime Minister thrice in 1990, 1997 and 2013. Late Benazir Bhutto was the first lady Prime Minister of Pakistan. The current PM of Pakistan is Shehbaz Sharif, who took office on 11 April 2022 and became the 23rd Prime Minister of the nation.

Facts about Pakistan

Pakistan is the first Islamic country to get the status of a nuclear power country.

According to the United Nations, Pakistan has the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world.

Two Pakistanis have received the Nobel Prize: Abdus Salam in 1979 (Physics) and Malala Yousafzai in 2014 (Peace).

Sugarcane juice is the national drink of the country. It is called ‘roh’ in Pakistan.

The youngest Civil Judge is from Pakistan. His name is Muhammad Ilyas; he became the Civil Judge after clearing the exam at the age of just 20 years and 9 months.

Tharparkar Desert is the only fertile desert in the world. It is situated in the Sindh province of Pakistan.

Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, is considered among the most beautiful capital countries of the world.

Pakistan is the only country in the world that is constituted based on religion.

The Ansoo Lake in Pakistan is famous for its shape. In summers, it looks like the human eye with eyebrows.

The literacy rate growth in Pakistan has been 250% over the last five years, the most in any country.

The Indus River is the longest river in Pakistan. It fulfils almost 2/3rd of the total need of irrigation and daily water.

The oldest civilisation in human history, the Indus Valley Civilisation, is situated in present-day Pakistan. Harappa, the first identified location of the civilisation, was discovered in 1921 in the Punjab region of Pakistan.


Pakistan, the fifth most populous country in the world, is situated in South Asia. It is surrounded by Iran from the west, China from the northeast, India from the east and southeast, Afghanistan from the northeast and north, and the Arabian Sea from the south. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan. The country has had 7 Prime Ministers in the first 11 years of its formation.