Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Bangladesh

Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Bangladesh

The geography of Bangladesh contains not only the physical resources such as rivers, hills but also the geography of its population and political position.

There are several factors that can be included in the geography of any country. We will explore the important factors that are included within the geography of Bangladesh. By the end of this discussion a clear view of the country, Bangladesh can be understood. The physical geography, political geography and human geography that are effective factors and their importance can be analysed here. The ways in which these factors are creating impacts on the country can be understood by this discussion. 

Physical geography of Bangladesh 

The physical geography of the country Bangladesh has a variety as this has two features that are distinctive. There is the presence of a broad or wide deltaic plain that often faces flooding and on the other hand, there is a small region surrounded by hills where the rivers of this country are found to be flowing swiftly. Chittagong hills are situated in the southeast part of Bangladesh. Besides that, the hills named Sythet are situated in the northeast part of this country. The hills of Chittagong are the only important hill system that can be observed in this country.

The highest elevation can be observed at Saka Haiphong which is situated in the direction southeast of the Chittagong hills. In the western part of this hill, there is a wider plain that is cut by the flowing rivers which are connected to the Bay of Bengal. The Padma is the important river of this country that can be highlighted with more significance. This river is part of the Brahmaputra that originates from Sangpo. Besides this river, there are many other rivers flowing in this country and that are Meghna, Ganga, Karnaphuli and others. These rivers have helped this country to fertilise the riverside plains. These rivers are the main water sources of this country. 

The human geography of Bangladesh 

Bangladesh is an immensely populated country. This is mainly a riverine country that is located in South Asia. Its coastline consists of 580 km of the northern littoral as the part of the Bay of Bengal. The delta plain that is situated in this country of Brahmaputra, Ganges and Meghna consists almost 79 percent of the population of this country. 98 percent of the population of Bangladesh are ethnic Bengalis and the other or remaining 2 percent are from Bihar and several other ethnic tribes which are currently living in this country. Minorities or it can be stated that the major population of this country are indigenous people. 

In the northern part of this country and on the hill tracts of Chittagong there are almost 11 ethnic groups of tribes. The tribal groups that are situated here are Kuki, Merma, Chakma and others. These tribal groups are creating diversity in the population of the country. It has been noticed that urbanisation is spreading fast or rapidly in Bangladesh. It is recognised that most of the population of this country is involved in agriculture. The language that is spoken by most of the people of this country is Bangla. The population of this country are engaging themselves in agriculture as the delta plain is fertile being situated at the riverine of several important rivers of this country. 

The political and economic geography of Bangladesh 

Bangladesh has several developing countries as its neighbouring countries. The countries that can be mainly mentioned as the important neighbouring countries are India and Pakistan. Bangladesh is trying to stabilise the political relationship with the two main neighbouring countries to make the political situation of this country stable. Besides that, the economic growth of this country is not so developed. It can be found that the economic growth is proceeding entirely depending on the agricultural functions. Most of the people of Bangladesh are likely to engage themselves in the works related to agriculture. The industrialisation or the growth of industrialisation is observed at a low level regarding this country. 

The cultivation of agricultural land and the changes in the utilisation of land can be mainly observed in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has taken an initiative for developing the growth or development of industrialisation. Most importantly the industries that can be found in this country are based on the utilisation of jute and paddy. The industries that have been built here are mainly situated along with the riverside land of the country so that the water sources can be used appropriately and easily. The development of industrialisation has improved the economic condition of this country. But the main sector that is affecting the economic state of this country is agriculture.


It can be concluded that the factors that are present in the overall geography of Bangladesh are effective factors for deciding the sustaining rate of the country. Bangladesh is a developing country with little political and economic stability. Mo0st of the population of this country are likely to involve themselves in the works related to agriculture. The rivers of this country have played vital roles in setting the background for an agriculturally developed country by fertilising the riverine lands and that has helped for economic development.