Geography of the Indian Subcontinent- Sri Lanka

Geography of the Indian Subcontinent- Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is one of the Indian subcontinents and its geography includes its major landforms, climate conditions as well as the major ecosystem of this country.


The entire section of this report deals with its various climate conditions and its impacts on this country. Major landforms of this country are also going to be discussed in the further section of this report that highlights the physical features of this landform. In addition, this report also depicts major ecosystems of this country such as “tropical wet lowland evergreen forest” and “tropical sub-montane forest” as well as “tropical moist monsoon forest” and so on. Furthermore, this report also focuses on the various cultural facts and about the population of this country as well as recent conditions of this Indian subcontinent. 

Major landforms of the Sri Lanka 

Major landforms of Sri lanka are such as coastal landforms, plains and central highlands and it ranges from mountains to seaside lagoons and flat plains. An irregular or roughly triangular mountain area in the central highlands that covers the “south central region” of this country and it is also known as the heart of this country. In addition, this highland mass is bordered by the “diverse plan” . Moreover, the central highlands have highly divided terrain that includes a unique sequence or arrangement of plateaus, ridges, basins and intermontane valleys as well as escarpments. In addition, these highlands are defined by a series or sequence of escarpments except its western and southwestern flanks. Furthermore, the plain that bordered or covered the central highlands does not have an absolutely flat as well as featureless terrain. The plain is traversed of low ridges that ultimately decrease the altitude of the North and Northeast of the highlands as it approaches the coastal region. In addition, the plain is adorned by a coast that consists of sandy beaches, lagoons, and spits; however, there are rocky promontories, cliffs, and offshore islets on the coast. Island of Sri Lanka is considered as an extension of the southern peninsular region of India. 

Climate conditions of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka tropical locations show high temperatures perennially that have monthly average between 72° F and 92° F in the lowlands of this country. Furthermore, the higher altitude of the central highlands experiences lower temperatures that monthly average are between 44° F and 71° F. Rainfall is the remarkable factor in the seasonal as well as  diurnal variation of climate of this country, however regional differences occur on the basis of nature of rainfall, its seasonality as well as its variability. Based on above-mentioned factors the regions are divided into Wet Zones and Dry Zones as well as Intermediate Zone of this Indian subcontinent. In addition, the climate of Sri Lanka can be explained as quite hot as well as tropical, however the pattern of rainfall deviates relatively from its annual average. In order to maintain the soil moisture as well as surface drainage pattern throughout the year, the deviation in rainfall played an effective role. 

Major ecosystem of the Sri Lanka 

Major ecosystems of Sri Lanka are such as Tropical wet lowland evergreen forest, Tropical sub-montane forest, Tropical montane forest, and Tropical moist monsoon forest. Tropical wet lowland evergreen forest of Sri Lanka is also known as Neotropical forest. In addition, this type of forest is described by uniform warm and humid conditions rather than not seasonal water shortage. Central hills and the southwest region of Sri Lanka occupy the most luxurious forest cover. Furthermore, the tropical sub montane forest is situated above 1,220 m and this type of forest is found in the region of high rainfall, however temperature differences between winter and summer are less remarkable. Tropical montane forest ecosystem in Sri Lanka found in the central highland region of this country and it is generally found above the 1,000 m. Tropical moist monsoon forests of this country are found between the transition zone of tropical rain forest and dry mixed evergreen forests. 


In order to describe the entire section of this report highlighted different aspects of Sri Lanka’s economy, its agriculture, cultural facts, as well as its history. The entire section of this report focuses on its physical features such as its various landforms as well as its ecosystem of the country. Furthermore, this study also depicts annual rainfall patterns in the forest region of the country. Different ecosystems played a significant role in maintaining the country’s climate as well as its vegetation pattern however; the country’s economy is described as one of the lower economies of the world.