Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Myanmar

Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Myanmar

Geography of Indian subcontinent - Myanmar, includes its physical features, land and soil condition of Myanmar and its drainage system.

Myanmar depicts its various physical features such as its land and soil condition. In addition, this report also deals with its drainage system and some cultural facts regarding Myanmar. Furthermore, this report is also going to discuss its economical condition as well as about its various rivers. Various rivers in Myanmar such as the Thanlwin River, Chindwin River, Sittaung river and so on make Myanmar rich in water resources also. Myanmar is known for its agriculture and it is very rich in natural resources as it is called as a golden land of the Indian subcontinent.

Physical features (land) of Myanmar

Myanmar is also known as Burma country that is situated in the western part of mainland Southeast Asia. In 1989, the country’s official name was changed from “Union of Burma” to the “Union of Myanmar.” In addition, Myanmar is the northernmost country of Southeast Asia that extends from latitude 10° N to 28° 30’ N. Furthermore, this country is kite shaped with long tails that stretch south along the Malay Peninsula. Country’s borders touch with China, Laos, Thailand, Andaman Sea, Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India. Myanmar slopes from north to south at “Mount Hkakabo” in north to sea level at “Ayeyarwady” (Irrawaddy) and “Sittang river deltas.” which is the highest peak of the country. Mounthakakabo is the highest peak of this Indian subcontinent. Mountain range of this country generally runs from the north region to the south region. Myanmar is generally divided into five physiographic regions such as “coastal plains”, “central basin, and lowland,” “the eastern plateau,” “the western range,” and “the northern mountains.” The northern mountain of this Indian subcontinent consists of a series of ranges that forms a complex knot at its highest peak, “Mount Hkakabo.” 

Drainage system and soil condition of the Myanmar

Myanmar’s main rivers run from the north region to the south region like its mountain. Approximately, three-fifths of Myanmar land or surface is drained from Ayeyarwady or Irrawaddy and its tributary rivers. At the peak of its delta, Ayeyarwady breaks up into a dense network of streams and empties of “Andaman Sea” through various multiple mouths. One of the great tributaries of Irrawaddy, Chnadwin drains the completely western region of the country. Yangon river (Rangoon river) drains the “Bago mountain” of this Indian subcontinent as well as “Pathein river” or “The Bassein river” drains the southernmost Rakhein mountain. Sittang river runs into the “Gulf of Martaban’’ of the Andaman sea region however, it has a large valley and delta in comparison to its river. In addition, “the Salween river” drains the Shan plateau and this river enters this Indian subcontinent from “southern China” as well as empties into “the Gulf of Martaban.” Many tributary rivers joined the Salween River in cascades. Myanmar has two lakes such as Indawgyi Lake as well as Inle Lake. The highland region of this Indian subcontinent is highly enriched with various natural resources such as iron, which turns its soil color in dark red and reddish brown. Due to dense forest cover, the soil of this region absorbs heavy rainfall; however, the lowland of this region is covered with alluvial soil that is mainly silt and clay.   

Economic condition of the Myanmar

The economy of this Indian subcontinent is generally based on agriculture and its national currency is “kyat” that is one of the least developed currencies. Most of the people of Myanmar are engaged in the agricultural occupation and very few people are working in the other sector. As mentioned above, mostly people are directly involved in the agricultural sector through various agricultural activities like transporting, marketing, processing and exporting agricultural goods of Myanmar. Agriculture, fishing, as well as forestry contribute the largest proportion in the economy of Myanmar. Approximately, half of the agricultural region of this country is involved in production of rice. In addition, the current economic condition of this country combines with both traditional as well as command economic systems. Many citizens of Myanmar are engaged in subsistence agriculture. Myanmar is one of the members of the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations).


The entire study depicts the physical features of Myanmar and various economic activities of this country. Furthermore, this report also deals with the various soil categories of this country and its features. The current economic condition of the country influenced the overall economy of the country as it is mainly based on agriculture. Most of the people of this country are engaged in fishery, forestry, and agricultural activities. In addition, this report also depicts various cultural facts about this country and its unique features.