Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Bhutan

Geography of the Indian Subcontinent-Bhutan

Bhutan is a small and beautiful coin trail of the Indian subcontinent and situated in the northern side of India.

Bhutan is a small, beautiful and peaceful country, it is known as the land of dragons also. It is a unique country culturally and environmentally. The people’s lives in Bhutan are known as Bhutanese and they are divided into two groups- the Ngalops and the Sharchops. The Ngalops live on the western side of the country and Sharchops live on the Eastern side of Bhutan. In this context, we are going to discuss the land features of Bhutan. Moreover, the climate condition and culture of Bhutan is also going to be explained here.

Land features of Bhutan

Bhutan mainly consists of stiff mountains and stiffness, it provides very unique beauty to Bhutan. The stiffs and mountains are crisscrossed by many rivers that form the deep valleys before entering the land of the Indian Territory. The southern mountains are 200 meters above sea level and the northern mountains are almost 7000 meters above sea level. Bhutan is mostly covered with forests, “72.5%” of the land is covered with forests. The constitutional law mandates maintaining “60%” of the forest land all the time. The highest point of Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensum and is known as the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The highlands of Bhutan are considered as the most populated parts of Bhutan. The capital of Bhutan is Thimpu which is situated in the western part of the country. Many rivers of it flow in the river Brahmaputra that flows in India making an isolated valley region and most of the population lives in this region. The ecosystem of Bhutan has its own unique significance. For centuries Bhutan has preserved most of its forest and natural habitat. The land of the dragon has many valleys such as Haa Valley, Paro Valley and so on and these valleys are linked by many passes.

The climatic condition of Bhutan

The climate of Bhutan changes throughout the year, it faces four distinct seasons: summer, autumn, winter and spring. In southern Bhutan, the climate is hot and humid with a subtropical climate and it remains constant throughout the world. The temperature of Bhutan can vary between 15 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius. Central Bhutan has deciduous and temperate forests and the climate of this region is more seasonal with cool and dry winters along with warm summers. In the northern part of the land of dragons, the climate is much colder in winters. The summer monsoon in Bhutan hits in the late June to July month and these rains bring 60 to 90 per cent of the rainfall that happens in the region. The dry spring of the country is generally seen to start in early March and end in the middle of April month. The country receives occasional showers from mid-April to the end of June. The heavy rainfall happens from July to September. Autumn lasts from early October to late November and from late November the chilly cold winds of winter started to blow. The gale-force winds dominate the whole county with a very low temperature. 

Culture of Bhutan 

Bhutan is also known as the mysterious country of the Himalayan region. The land is full of old monasteries and lush valleys. Every visitor who visits Bhutan becomes fascinated with its culture. Bhutan has the predominant religion Buddhism but that is followed by Hinduism. This is the region that most of the Bhutanese are influenced by the sacred values of the Buddha. Bhutanese live their life with religious values and highly respect their god. They believe they can send their prayer to lord Buddha by tying the colorful flags in the hillside and in the entrances of the monasteries. The Dzong is a fort cum monastery and Dzongs are situated in every district or Dzongkha of Bhutan. The Buddhist Monks are considered the main priests of the country and they live in those monasteries that are located in the high mountains. Religious plays are very important for the livelihood of the countries people. Bhutan is the only country that does not discriminate between the birth of a boy and a girl. The Bhutan people celebrate the birth of a baby with great pomp; the birth of a child is quite festive here. The most important Bhutan festival is “Tsechu” and every Dzonkhas has its own Tsechu that lasts for three to five days. 


The above topic has been discussed about an Indian subcontinent country- Bhutan. The topic has described the land feature of Bhutan. The climate conditions of the different regions of the country and its culture have also been discussed in this context, the festivals celebrated by the Bhutanese also have been shown here. At last, a few FAQs have also been elaborated for the detailed analysis of the given topic.