Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense

The term “future perfect” is used in English grammar to do any activity which will be finished before another work in the future.

English grammar is associated with the construction of sentences applying proper grammatical sequence. A sentence is constructed by focusing on the tense. Tenses are classified into three sections. These sections are “present tense, past tense and future tense”. Each tense can be classified into further four branches based on the occurring time of action. These four branches are: “simple future tense, future continuous tense, future perfect tense and future perfect continuous tense.” “Future perfect tense” is a form of the verb that is added in a sentence. It signifies the event that is supposed to happen before any other event in the future. 

The term: “Future perfect.”

It is important for English grammar, and it is used as verb tense for the actions which will be done before one more action in the future. The main keywords of the tense are tense, past participle and preposition. 

What is “future perfect tense”? 

This type of future tense is applied to describe the time of any phenomenon that will occur in the future before starting another phenomenon. It is highly important for identifying the phenomenon that will occur first among more than one phenomenon. 

Rules of “Future perfect tense.”

The mentioned sequence is used for applying this tense within a sentence. The subject is written at the beginning of the sentence. After that, “will” is added after it. Then, “have” is inserted after “will” in the sentence. Finally, the “past participle form of the main verb” is added to next. Lastly, the object is added. This formula remains unchanged for both cases of singular subject and plural subject. The auxiliary verb will be the same for every case. The sequence is: 

Subject → will → have →”past participle form of the main verb.”

Example: “Yasmin will have thrown the garbage before the sweeper reaches there.” 

In the above example, “Yasmin” is the sentence’s subject. After that, “will have” has been written according to the formula. Then the “past participle” form “thrown” of the main verb “throw” has been included in the sentence. 

The sentence gives a clear idea that Yasmin will throw the garbage first. After completing this work, the sweeper will come. Therefore, it is a perfect example of “Future perfect tense.”

Use of “future perfect tense.”

It is always used when more than one incident will happen in future. The sequence of the incident is expressed by using this tense. 

Example: “Ishan will have awakened in the morning before his mother comes from morning walk.” 

This sentence focused on those two activities in the future. The first phenomenon will be done by Ishaan. After that, his mother will come back. 

This future tense is never used when only one task will happen in the future.


“Papiya will drink coca-cola with water.” (Correct sentence)

“Papiya will have drunk coca-cola with water.”(Incorrect sentence)

The application is not correct for constructing sentences because it indicates an incomplete description of any phenomena. 

Negative sentence construction using “future perfect tense.”

Negative sentences can be created very easily by inserting “not” between “have” and “will” of the affirmative sentence. The term “will not” can be expressed as “wouldn’t” in a negative sentence. The formula of a negative sentence:

Subject → will not → have →“past participle form of the main verb” or,

Subject → wouldn’t → have →”past participle form of the main verb.”


“My uncle will not have started playing cricket before my brother calls him.”


“Sonali wouldn’t have begun rehearsal before all the participants present in the green room.”

Construction of interrogative sentences by applying “future perfect tense.”

A sentence that expresses any question is called an interrogative sentence. The sentence is always finished by adding a question mark instead of the full stop. The formation of interrogative sentences is easy by following a common formula. The formula is:

will → subject → have →“past participle form”

Example: “Will Mona have attended the program before we start our journey?” 

Use of prepositional phrases with “future perfect tense.”

Several types of prepositional phrases like “by this time”, “from now”, “at”, “by the time”, “when”, “before”, “as soon as”, “already” all are used in the sentences that indicate “future perfect tense.”


“As soon as my friend comes, my mother will have started cooking for him.”

“Will Arpita have completed the total task of homework already?”


Knowing each branch of tenses in English grammar is highly important for everybody. The idea of “Future perfect tense” is necessary to express a group of incidents that will occur in the future and their sequence. English is an important subject in each sector of education. Even it is highly important for attending competitive exams like the “SSC exam”. The knowledge about “Future perfect tense” is highly relevant for gathering a good idea about English grammar.

Moreover, it is helpful for the creation of sentences and the improvement of grammatical skills in writing. Almost all the competitive exams are conducted with a section that has questions from English grammar. So, knowledge about tense is highly required for attending sat exams and developing communication and writing skills. It is totally important for the total life duration.