Ancient India-Post – Gupta Period Vardhana Dynasty

Ancient India-Post – Gupta Period Vardhana Dynasty

“Post Gupta period” reflects the most important period of Indian history that has changed the overall picture of the country. It was very tumultuous in nature. Five magnificent powers sank in north India after the decline of Gupta.

Post Gupta period was called the golden era of ancient India. The period was marked by innovative inventions, the development of science and technology as well as discoveries in science, technologies, and other significant fields. Engineering, art, literature, logic had flourished in this era. The study has described the ins and outs of the Post Gupta period. The description of the Vardhana dynasty and the development of the Vardhana dynasty has been elaborately described in the context of the study. The discussion part has depicted the reason for the development of the Post Gupta period. 

“Post-Gupta period” 

After the downfall of the Gupta empire, Later Gupta kings became the ruler of Magadha alone.“post-Gupta period” can be considered as the end of the golden age of art as well as science. The successors of the Gupta emperor have named themselves as the ruler of Magadha in the post Gupta period. On the other hand, the “post Gupta period” can be considered very turbulent. The chaos of war had started to spread in the “post Gupta period”. The continuous conflict between Hunas as well as Guptas was the main reason behind the war in the “post Gupta period”. The trade stability of the silk road also gets affected in this period due to this reason. It can be said that the Gupta kings of the “post Gupta period” can be considered incompetent. Moreover, the living harmony of the people also gets affected due to the war between the Maitrakas as well as Maukharis. Sri gupta was considered as the first ruler of the “post Gupta period”.  He was also the initiator of the Gupta dynasty in the “post Gupta period”. It can be said the political situation of the “post Gupta period” was very complex in nature. The “post Gupta period” ended in 550 AD. Vishnugupta was considered the last ruler of the “post Gupta period” of the Gupta emperor. 

“Vardhana Dynasty”

King Pushyabhuti can be considered as the first ruler of the “Vardhana Dynasty”. The “Vardhana Dynasty” started at the beginning of 590 AD. Sthanvishvara was the capital of the “Vardhana Dynasty”. The rulers followed the system of the monarchy to rule the kingdoms. It can be said that the people followed both Hinduism as well as Buddhism. Some of the greatest rulers are Harsha Vardhan, Rajyavardhan, and many others. Harshavardhan was considered the most generous king in the “Vardhana Dynasty”. The capital has also been shifted to Kannauj during the era of king Harsha Vardhan. The welfare of the people was completely taken care of by the rulers of the “Vardhana Dynasty”. Moreover the rulers did not force the people to work. On the other hand the punishment was not very severe in nature. The farmers need to pay one-sixth of their production to the ruler of the kingdom. The amount of the tax for the individual people was very moderate in nature. Moreover, It can be said that the generous king Harsha Vardhan of the “Vardhana Dynasty ” has donated all the affluence to the people as charity. King Harsha Vardhan can be considered as the last ruler of the “Vardhana Dynasty”. The era of the “Vardhana Dynasty” had come to an end in 647 AD. King Pulakesi II defeated Harshavardhan of the “Vardhana Dynasty ” at the end of 630 AD. Buddhism got promoted during the era of king Harshavardhan of the “Vardhana Dynasty”.


The individual people of the Gupta empire were not living a prosperous life in the “post Gupta period”. The luxurious life of the kings in the “post Gupta period” had completely shattered the economy of the Gupta empire. Various new taxes were also implemented on the people in the “post Gupta period”. On the other hand the people of the “Vardhana Dynasty” were living a very peaceful life as they were ruled by generous kings. The economy of the  “Vardhana Dynasty” also enhanced exponentially because of this system. The people were very happy in the  “Vardhana Dynasty”. The educational system of the  “Vardhana Dynasty” also benefited because of this reason.