Food and Nutrition

Food and Nutrition

Food and nutrition are the fundamental needs of our body. We need to include extra nutrition in our bodies every day. This article has all the essential information about Food and nutrition.

Food and nutrition are important for maintaining proper health and preventing disease. As we know, our body takes nutrients in the form of food, so it is important that our food has to be healthy and hygienic. The powerful control of food consumption and nutrition is key to proper health. Smart nutrients and food selections can help prevent various diseases. Eating the proper meals can help your body cope more efficiently with an ongoing sickness. Understanding good Food and nutrition and being attentive to what you eat will let you maintain or enhance your health. Good nutrition additionally includes keeping off certain sorts of foods. 

What are food and nutrition?

A healthy food plan consists of a variety of herbal foods. A huge portion of a healthy food plan consists of veggies and fruits, orange ones, darkish green, or red. There are high-quality, free recommendations to be had for healthy food plans that provide more information on component size, overall calorie consumption, what to consume more of, and what to eat much less of to get healthy and live that way. Our body desires the energy in meals to do everything from blinking an eye to playing sports. It additionally needs the energy to carry out such important functions as breathing, preserving body temperature, developing new cells, and even digesting food. So Food and nutrition are almost essential for all organisms, not only human beings. 

Now being aware of what food and nutrition are, let’s get into the other nutrition components. 

Components of nutrition-

There are mainly six nutritional components –

  •  Carbohydrates 
  •  Proteins
  •  Fats
  •  Vitamins 
  •  Minerals
  •  Calcium 


Carbohydrates are made from sugars or starches that are combined together. Carbohydrates get stored in our muscle tissue and, additionally, our liver as glycogen. The main role of carbohydrates is basically to provide energy to our body. Our body breaks carbohydrates into glucose which is the primary form that our cells use for energy. 

Good sources of Carbohydrates  

  • Corn
  • Potatoes
  • Fruits
  • Milk
  • Chicken 


The major function of protein is to provide our body with the constructing blocks to build cells and various tissues. Protein gets broken down into amino acids, which especially get used for the development, growth, repair, and protection of body tissues. Protein repairs the tissues that get damaged. Protein also provides shape to our muscles and bones.

Good sources of protein 

  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Chicken
  • Pulses
  • Pork
  • Eggs


The major function of fat is to provide shape and cushion to cells. Fats help to prevent harm to the human body by imparting cushion. Fat helps to prevent damage to our body by providing a cushion. Fats are also essential in helping to soak up various vitamins. E, D, A, and K are the simplest fat-soluble vitamins. 

Good sources of fats

  • Bananas
  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Meats
  • Nuts 
  • Grains


Vitamins are important nutrients that allow your body to work properly and to live healthily. Most vitamins are in your food, or we could get them from vitamin supplements. Vitamins perform some important functions like:

  • Maintenance of bone, skin and muscles.
  • Supports our immune system.
  • Repair cells, tissues and organs.
  • There are different kinds of vitamins which work variously like

Vitamin A-  It helps in strengthening our immune and reproductive systems. And keeps our skin healthy.

Deficiency diseases- 

  • Dry eyes 
  • Night blindness 
  • Bitot spots

Good sources of vitamins

  • Cheese
  • Milk
  • Eggs
  • Yoghurt
  • Spinach
  • Carrot
  • Sweet potatoes 

Vitamin D- makes our bones and muscles healthy and strengthens our immune system.

Deficiency diseases- 

  • Skin disease
  • Kidney problems
  • Heart problems

Good sources of vitamins-

  • Egg yolks
  • Mushrooms
  • Plant milk 
  • Cereals
  • Orange juices

Sunlight is a great source of vitamin D

Vitamin E- has an antioxidant quality that protects our cells from damage.

Deficiency diseases- 

  • Heart Disease 
  • Cancer 

Good source of vitamin E-

  • Kiwi fruit
  • Avocado
  • Almonds 
  • Sunflower
  • Broccoli
  • Spinach

Vitamin C helps heal wounds and maintain healthy skin and blood vessels.

Deficiency diseases- 

Dry hair and skin


Gum and the dental issues

Good sources of vitamin C.

  • Strawberry 
  • Oranges
  • Peppers
  • Potatoes
  • Tomatoes


Minerals are solid materials found in nature and can be fabricated from one element or more elements blended.

Carbon, Silver and Gold are factors that form minerals on their own. Salt is a chemical compound known as rock salt in our traditional kitchen, a mineral formed of chlorine ions and salt. Minerals help our bodies expand and function. They are important for proper health.


Calcium is most usually related to healthful bones and teeth, even though it also performs a vital role in blood clotting, supporting muscle groups to contract, and regulating ordinary heart nerve functions and rhythms. To carry out these essential everyday functions, the body maintains constant calcium within the blood and tissues to carry out these essential everyday functions.

There are many good sources of calcium like Almonds, bananas, milk, tofu, broccoli and fig.

So, we have understood the basic definition of food and nutrition and everything about it.


Food and nutrition are the most essential things required for a human body. For living beings to function properly, they need good nutritious food. Not only humans, but plants and animals too need proper nutrition to function properly. This comes from a balanced amount of all vitamins and proteins. Eating the proper meals can help your body cope more efficiently with an ongoing sickness. Understanding good Food and nutrition and being attentive to what you eat will let you maintain or enhance your health. Good nutrition additionally includes keeping off certain sorts of foods.